Tuesday, June 6, 2017

What the Heck is 5G and Why Should I Care?

The Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance says that 5th Generation (5G) mobile telecommunications networks should be rolled out across the US by 2020 - to meet changing business and consumer demands.

  • 3G gave us the ability to send both Text and Pictures.
  • 4G gave us Streaming Video capabilities.
  • 5G wiill enable live-streaming Virtual Reality and real-time tracking of every connected device. In other words, 5G will help enable the rise of the Internet of Things (IoT).

This will be another major step forward in the evolution of ‘smart’ technologies as we head to 2050. Read What Will Life Be Like in 2050

Pay attention! The jump to 5G networks is going to be ‘huge’.

Preliminary High Level Predictions about Life in the Year 2100

I have previously written a series of articles about Technology Advancements and Life in 2050. In this article a first attempt is made to project even further into time and make predictions about life by the end of the century – Year 2100. By then we will have completed the transition from a Type 0 to a Type 1 Civilization.

  • A Type 0 civilization extracts its energy, information, raw-materials from crude organic-based sources, e.g. food/wood/fossil fuel/books/oral traditions; pressures via natural disaster, natural selection, and societal collapse creates extreme risk of extinction; it's capable of orbital spaceflight; societies that fail to improve social, environmental and medical understanding concurrently with other advancements, frequently accelerated their own extinction.
  • A Type I civilization extracts its energy, information, and raw-materials from fusion power, hydrogen, and other "high-density" renewable-resources; is capable of interplanetary spaceflight, interplanetary communication, megascale engineering, and interplanetary colonization, medical and technological singularity, planetary engineering, world government and trade, and stellar system-scale influence; but are still vulnerable to possible extinction.
  • A Type II civilization extracts fusion energy, information, and raw-materials from multiple solar systems; it is capable of evolutionary intervention, interstellar travel, interstellar communication, stellar engineering, and star cluster-scale influence; the resulting proliferation and diversification would theoretically negate the probability of extinction.
  • A Type III civilization extracts fusion energy, information, and raw-materials from all possible star-clusters; it's capable of intergalactic travel via wormholes and intergalactic communication, galactic engineering and galaxy-scale influence.
  • A Type IV civilization extracts energy, information, and raw-materials from all possible galaxies; it's effectively immortal and omnipotent with universal-scale influence, possessing the ability of theoretical time travel and instantaneous matter-energy transformation and teleportation, moving entire asteroid belts and stars, creating alternate timelines and more.

Predictions for the Year 2100

The following are a preliminary set of high level predictions of life in the Year 2100:

Global Population

It is predicted that the global population will be close to 12 billion by 2100, barring any unforseen major pandemic or major extinction event. Over 80% of the world’s population will live in urbanized areas where ‘Smart Cities’ will house the bulk of the world's population. Networks of metropolitan regions linked by new forms of government, transportation, communication, and economic systems. By 2100, governments around the world will be using various forms of population control, e.g. preventive medical solutions, legally approved coercion, re-engineering social norms. Technology will allow us to overcome language barriers allowing people to communicate anyone in the world – and to communicate telepathically.


Demand for Food and Water resources will grow substantially as the global population increases substantially by the end of this century. High-tech solutions, precision farming systems, use of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO), expansion of urban farming techniques… will all be needed to boost yields several times over to meet the growing global demand. Expect to see widespread use of drones, robots, artificial intelligance (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), autonomous self-driving farming vehicles, global weather control, and many other new technologies designed to meet the needs of the large scale corporate farms of the future. Today’s scarce fresh water resources will be vastly expanded by low-cost desalinization technologies that will convert sea water into potable water.

Business & Manufacturing

Global standards will be in place for all sectors of the economy, e.g. technology, medicine, manufacturing, transportation, telecommunications. Use of Smart 3D Printers, Robots, Artificial Intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), Advanced Manufacturing Techniques... will dramatically transform manufacturing by the end of the century. Many new and almost unimaginable ‘smart’ materials and technologies for building housing, making clothing, manufacturing cars... will be developed and put into use. Much of the workforce will use augmented and virtual reality technologies to perform their work remotely in most industries, e.g. education, healthcare, research, manufacturing, retail, transportation... both on Earth and off-planet.


A new global ‘digital’ currency and a more secure monetary system will have emerged and taken hold by the end of the century. Use of coins and paper money will be a distant memory. New and continuously evolving global financial systems will draw heavily upon the use of new technologies, e.g. Blockchain, ‘Bitcoins’, Artificial Intelligence (AI), Crowdfunding, Implantables, Sensors, Smart ‘Wallets’... Tens of thousands of bank branch offices will close and most accounting jobs will disappear. Collaboration, 'Open' Solutions, and Continuous Innovation will remain key management strategies for success throughout the 21st century.


Education will be free for everyone and human illiteracy will have been eliminated around the world. Access to free, continuous life-long learning opportunities will be available for all as the rate of change continues to accelerate. humans to adapt to the global economy. Many new technologies like implantable computer-brain interface technology, artificial intelligence (AI), 5G Internet, virtual and augmented reality systems, free and ‘open access’ to research and educational materials… will all play a role in revolutionizing the education system, and eliminating the cost of acquiring knowledge and becoming more productive in the future.


The official end of the 'Oil Age' and use of fossil fuels on Earth will have occurred back in 2050. A range of renewable energy sources will provide 100% of the world’s energy, e.g. wind, solar, hydro, fuel cell, nuclear fusion – and maybe still a little oil and natural gas. Continent-wide ‘smart supergrids' will be used to help manage the world's energy needs. Both the high cost and scarcity of energy on Earth will be a thing of the past. Roofs, windows, painted surfaces, clothes… will all be used to collect energy for home and office devices, with excess unused energy being fed into the country’s smart supergrid. Wireless energy transmission systems will be in common use.


Average global temperatures will have risen by more than 5°F by 2100. Ongoing climate change will make storms far more intense around the world, e.g. hurricanes, tornados, cyclones, monsoons. Sea levels across the globe will rise by a little over 3 feet, flooding many coastal areas around the world. Major extinctions of many animals and plant life will have occurred. For example, deep ocean mining operations around the world will become widespread further disrupting sea life. Nearly half of the rain forests and jungles in the world today will have vanished, but global efforts to halt de-forestation, clean up the seas, restore coral reefs… will have finally taken hold. Many displaced people will have migrated to Antartica as the snow cap melted and it became habitable.


The rise of 'Regenerative Medicine', Genetic Engineering, Stem Cell Research, and the development of 'Human Augmentation' technologies will dramatically alter people's health for the better over this next century. New technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Robotics, Internet of Things (IoT), and the Invisible User Interface (IUI) will all be incorporated into Health 4.0 systems of the future. Use of DNA biorepositories and genomic information systems will further transform healthcare, help lower costs, combat diseases, reduce child mortality, and extend human lifespans to well over 100 years. Look to see the emergence of a new health industry focused on BioEngineering human organs and new lifeforms.


There will be more than a 1,000-fold increase in computer processing power, data collection and storage, information analysis and dissemination... By the year 2100, there will be widespread use of robots, drones, virtual reality, smart appliances, 5G Internet, artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), nano-bots, brain-computer interfaces (BCI), unmanned autonomous vehicles (UAV), 3-D printers, Invisible User Interface (IUI), teleportation, and many other technologies in every industries, e.g. agriculture, manufacturing, military, government, transportation… Wearable and implantable technologies, not to mention teleportation and telepathy systems, will also be widely used in all facets of daily life,, e.g. healthcare, education, security, ... All will be needed to solve many of the challenges brought about by a growing world population, rapid urbanization, climate change, pandemics...


Electric and Hydrogen Fuel Cell powered vehicles will have long since replaced fossil fuel powered vehicles. Hi-tech unmanned autonompus vehicles (UAV) will be the dominant form of transportation with very few people owning their own cars. High speed Maglev trains and Hyperloop systems will be completed between major cities across the U.S. and around the world. These will all have a dramatic impact on the trucking and airplane industries as we currently know them. Finally, the commercial space transportation industry will continue to grow and evolve as mankind begins to colonize outer space.

Government & Society

The vast majority of countries will have adopted some form of democratic government. New alliances and partnerships between countries will lead to reinventing regional and global governance systems. Many non-state actors will take the lead from governments in confronting major global challenges, e.g. climate, pollution, healthcare… Building leadership in government and business that can be 'trusted', that is not corrupt, is citizen-centered, and not built on greed and the quest for money and power... will continue to be a major challenge for society to achieve.

By the end of the 21st century, real time language translation technology will greatly improve global communications between individuals and organizations around the world. There will be continued progress towards the eradication illiteracy and global poverty levels. Women will have assumed a significantly growing role in public and private sector organizations across the world. Racial, religious, and gender discrimination and intolerance will have also been largely eradicated in the US and many other parts of the world. Finally, each individual will receive some guaranteed form of Universal Basic Income (UBI) from government which will meet the minimum requirements to sustain their lives, especially when changing jobs or looking for new work.

Military &Warfare

It will be highly unlikely that war will go extinct, though its frequency, nature, and scope will continue to change and adapt to the future we will inhabit. Many wars will be fought in the ‘virtual world’. It is expected that rapid changes and shifts in ‘power’ may ultimately lead to more smaller intra-state and inter-state conflicts around the globe.

There will be widespread use of new technologies in weapon systems, e.g. Unmanned Autonomous Vehicles (UAV), artificial intelligence (AI), laser weapons, drones, robots, human augmentation technology, teleportation, telepathy... Also, expect to see the use of military weapons and warfare spreading to outer space as the quest to colonize the moon and other planets across our solar system becomes a reality.

Space Travel & Colonization

Spaceflight technology will have taken a major leap forward allowing for Inter-Planetary travel. Millions of humans will make up the first wave of immigrants populating permanent colonies on other planets and moons in our Solar System. Large scale geoengineering construction in support of these steadily growing colonies will have begun. Public and private sector organizations will be aggressively moving forward to further explore and exploit resources on nearby planets, moons, and asteroids in outer-space well into the 22nd century. Plans for the first unmanned journeys to potentially habitable planets in the nearest solar systems of our Galaxy will be initiated.


We are in the midst of the transition from the ‘Industrial Age’ of the 20th century into the ‘Information Age’ of the 21st century. We are also in the midst of the transition from a Type 0 Civilization into a Type 1 Civilization. It’s an amazing time to be living and the world is in some turmoil as it struggles to deal with these momentous transitions. To help people deal with the rapid pace of change all around the, this article attempts to paint a preliminary picture of the future to help make some sense of the seeming chaotic times we are living through. I hope you find this article informative and brings some clarity about the rapidly changing world you, your children, and your grandchildren are living in.

Links to Selected Resources & Reports

Monday, June 5, 2017

Some of the Best Fine Art Colleges in South Carolina

The following is a list of some of the Best Fine Arts Colleges in South Carolina according to According to University.Com The schools were selected based on student surveys, college graduate interviews, and other compiled data sources. The list includes:

  • University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC – This very large public university offer 4 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 79 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 71 Bachelor's degrees, and 8 Master's degrees.
  • Winthrop University, Rock Holl, SC – This mid-sized public university offers 4 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 10 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 8 Bachelor's degrees, 2 Master's degrees.
  • College of Charleston, Charleston, SC – This large public university offers 8 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 146 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 143 Bachelor's degrees, 3 Certificates degrees.
  • Clemson University, Clemson, SC – This large public university offers 2 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 18 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 18 Bachelor's degrees.
  • Bob Jones University, Greenville, SC – This small private university offers 2 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 16 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 16 Bachelor's degrees.
  • Anderson University, Anderson, SC – This small private university offers 5 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 6 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 6 Bachelor's degrees.
  • Converse College, Spartanburg, SC – This small private college offers 3 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 1 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 1 Master's degree.
  • North Greenville University, Tigerville, SC – This small private university offers 2 Fine Art Degree programs. In 2015, 7 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 7 Bachelor's degrees.
  • Coker College, Hartsville, SC – This small private college offers 7 Fine Art Degree programs. It's a small private university in a far away town. In 2015, 7 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 7 Bachelor's degrees.
  • Coastal Carolina University, Conway, SC – This mid-size public university offers 1 Fine Art Degree program. In 2015, 16 students graduated in the study area of Fine Art with students earning 16 Bachelor's degrees.

For information on other South Carolina Universities offering Fine Arts programs, go to University.Com Let our readers know about one that you may have attended.

Saturday, May 27, 2017

Innovative CamStar UAV Drone Video Company Based in Summerton, SC

There I was privately lamenting to a friend that there was a dearth of new, innovative technology companies in our area. He snapped his fingers and said he had recently heard of a new such company in the area called CamStar UAV run by Ms. Christina Darby. He said one of the services they offered was shooting videos using drones, also referred to as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV).

As soon as I got home, I looked up Christina Darby on the Internet and found links to her company’s Facebook page and web site. From there I went and viewed some of her drone video footage posted on Vimeo of a Sunset over Lake Marion and local churches in historic Summerton, SC. They were great – and I highly recommend you check them out for yourself.

A quick review of the CamStar UAV web site stated that the company was an innovative local advertising and marketing firm providing high quality drone videography, photography, virtual tours, and related 3-D imaging services to both individuals and organizations. Examples of some of their businesses customers include realty agencies, construction companies, insurance adjusters, golf courses, public safety, and other local government and non-government organizations.

Every organization in Summerton and the surrounding Santee Cooper LakeCountry ought to be thinking about adding a video to their Facebook and web pages. To see examples of some of their work, be sure to visit their web site at www.camstaruav.com

Contact Information
Christina Darby
CamStar UAV Drone & Photography
1443 Tom Charles Road Summerton SC 29148 USA
Telephone:  (803) 410-1067

Thursday, May 25, 2017

Lake Marion Artisan's and 'Open' Art Technology

When you visit the new Lake Marion Artisan’s web site, take a look at the selected links to Open’ Art Tools & Technology posted on the site. These are some of the best free and open source software (FOSS) tools currently available to artists.

In addition to visiting the web site, if you happen to be traveling through Santee Cooper Lake Country don’t forget to swing by the Lake Marion Artisans art gallery in downtown Summerton and view some of the many art works produced by our local artisans.

The following are links to selected free and 'open source' software & tools for use in the Creative Arts:
  • Art of Illusion - A free and open source 3D modelling and rendering studio.
  • Avidemux - Free and open source software designed for multi-purpose video editing that can be used with most computer operating systems.
  • Blender - A free and open source 3D content creation suite, available for all major operating systems.
  • Calligra Flow - An easy to use free & open source diagramming and flowcharting application.
  • DarkTable - An open source photography workflow application and RAW developer. A virtual lighttable and darkroom for photographers.
  • GIMP(GNU Image Manipulation Program) - A multi-platform photo & image manipulation tool.  It is an open source alternative to Photoshop.
  • GNOME Projects - Hundreds of free and open source GNOME applications are available a vast range of activities, including playing media and editing photos
  • Kaltura - A community developed free and open source video management platform and applications.
  • Krita - A full-featured, open source sketching and painting application for digital artists.
  • Libre Office - A comprehensive open source software suite of office applications (e.g. word processing, spreadsheet) similar to MS Office.
  • MyPaint - An open source graphics application for digital painters.
  • Open Movie Editor - A free and open source video editing program, designed for basic movie making capabilities.
  • PhotoPrint - A free utility designed to assist in the process of printing digital photographs and posters.
  • Scribus - An open source desktop publishing system with and extensive graphics tools.
  • Sculptris and ZBrush - Sculptris is a free 3D modeling application for artists. ZBrush is a more advanced commercial product.
  • Shape Collage - An open source tool that allows you to create picture collages in any imaginable shape or form.
  • Synfig Studio - Free and open-source 2D animation software solution for creating film-quality animation using vector and bitmap artwork.
  • TuxPaint - A free, award-winning drawing program for children ages 3 to 12.

* Also, check out Mobile 'Art' Apps for your Smartphone from Google.

For more detailed information on free and open source software (FOSS) for artisans and art enthusiasts, go to the COSI ‘Open’ Art Tools & Technology web site.

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Lake Marion Artisan's and Art Education & Training Resources

When you visit the new Lake Marion Artisan’s web site, take a look at the following selected links to Education & Training events, organizations, and resources for those interested in the Creative Arts. Further, in addition to providing links to a range of free and open source Art software tools, the web site also provides information on the Lake Marion Artisans art gallery in downtown Summerton, its artists, and many of their works.

Lake Marion Artisans - Art Education & Training Classes

South Carolina Education & Training Resources

Other Art Education & Training Resources
  • Academic Earth - Founded with the goal of giving everyone on earth access to a world-class education.
  • Art Education Partnership - A national organization dedicated to advancing the arts in education through research, policy, and practice.
  • College Open Arts Textbooks - Providing free and 'open' textbooks to more than 2000 community colleges.
  • COSI Open Solutions & the Creative Arts - Information and links to free and open source solutions (FOSS) for the creative arts.
  • edX Online Courses - Major universities partnering to provide free high-quality education for everyone, everywhere.
  • Europeana - Providing open access to digital resources of Europe's museums, libraries, archives and audio-visual collections.
  • Khan Academy - Free, online Art History education & training courses and videos.
  • National Art Education Association - The leading professional membership organization exclusively for visual arts educators in the U.S.

* Also, don’t forget to check out some of the many free, online art courses now available on YouTube.

  • Students who study Art are 4 times more likely to be recognized for academic achievement.
  • Federal funding for the Arts & Humanities rolls in around $250 million a year, while the National Science Foundation receives around the $5 billion. President Trump plans to cut the Arts even further.

Come visit the Lake Marion Artisan’s art gallery when next you visit Summerton, S.C.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

Three State Titles for Clarendon County Schools This Week

Clarendon County SC - Local Sports News Summary: It was a great week for Clarendon County schools as they clinched three 2017 state titles this week.

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Free & Open Source Software (FOSS) and Tools for Churches and Their Members

It's the 21st century and their are many new ways to use technology to help share your faith and beliefs in the emerging 'Information Age'. The following are a collection of links to selected web sites offering free & open source software (FOSS) and tools for religious organizations and individuals. Check them out and share with others.
  • Bible App for Kids - A popular free and open source app for kids.
  • Bible Time - A free and open source Bible study program.
  • BibleGateway - A web site offering access to an online Bible search engine and other useful research tools and information resources.
  • Christian Clip Art - Links to free Christian clip art provided by the Atlantic Fish web site.
  • ChurchBiz Online - Offering a variety of free solutions for churches, e.g. software, eBooks, music, and much more.
  • ChurchInfo - A  free, open source database driven program to help churches track members, families, groups, pledges and payments.
  • CrossWire Bible Software - A variety of open source religious software products for use on Laptops, Desktops, and PDAs.
  • CyberSpace Ministries - A web site offering free software, Bible games, and other products and services.
  • GearDownload - A web site providing a list of numerous open source or shareware religious software.
  • Lectionary / Sermon Writer - A web site with free and low cost software, preaching and teaching tools for pastors, chaplains, and other clergy.
  • OpenLP -An open source lyrics/media projection application developed specifically for churches
  • OpenSong - A a free, open-source software application created to manage lyrics, chords, lead sheets, overheads, computer projection, and more.
  • SWORD Project - A Bible software development project that has created a range of related cross-platform open source tools.
  • TechMission Christian Software - A collection of freeware and open source software aimed at Christian organizations and individuals. They include church management software, ministry software, Bible study software, and more.
  • Ubuntu: Christian Edition - a free, open source operating system geared towards Christians. It is based on the popular Ubuntu Linux.
  • Xiphos - A popular open source Bible study software application.
There are many other links to available information and tools that have been posted on the COSI'Open' Religious Technology & Tools web site.

If you know of other free and 'open source' tools, send us the links so we can share them with our readers.