The following are some of the key historic events that occurred in, or had an impact on, Summerton, S.C. during the 1800's:
- The War of 1812
between U.S. and Great Britain ended in 1814. It was essentially a
stalemate, but it did reconfirm America's Independence from Great
- The first recorded
land purchase in the Summerton area was by Charles Harvin in the
1820's. He bought 69 acres of woodland between Taw Caw and Scott's
- By the 1850's, a
number of prosperous plantation owners had built lavish homes in
'Summer Town', where they took their families during the hot summer
- On December 19,
1855, a legislative act was passed establishing the Clarendon
District with the same boundaries defined in the Act of 1785. The
State Constitution of 1868 would later change districts into
- Shortly after the
re-establishment of Clarendon as a county in 1855, Captain Joseph C.
Burgess was selected to determine the geographical center of the
county so that a county seat and courthouse could be built. The site
that was selected is where the present courthouse stands in the
nearby town of Manning.
- The American Civil
War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces fired upon Fort
Sumter, a key fort held by Union troops in South Carolina.
Eleven states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate
States of America (CSA). South Carolina was the first state to
secede from the Union. The war came to an end four years later with
Gen. Robert E. Lee's surrender to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court
House on April 9, 1865.
- In 1865, a body of
General Sherman's Union troops under command of General Potter
raided Clarendon county. A large portion of the nearby town of
Manning, including the court house, was destroyed during "Potter's
Raid". The raid took place only a few days before Gen. Robert
E. Lee´s surrender at Appomattox.
- On December 6,
1865, the Thirteenth
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, thus officially
abolishing slavery in the U.S.
- In July 1868,
after the S.C. State Legislature ratified the Fourteenth
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, the state was finally
permitted to regain official representation in Congress. The
amendment addressed citizenship rights and equal protection of the
laws for all citizens, including former slaves.
- In the years following the Civil War, cotton was still king. There were over a dozen cotton gins within 5 miles of Summerton. This was to end in the early 1900's when the boll weevil pretty much wiped out cotton farmers across the South.
- On December 24, 1889, the South Carolina Assembly granted a charter officially incorporating the town of Summerton.
- In the 1890's,
Telegraph systems were introduced into Manning and Summerton.
- The Spanish American War began in April 1898. Fortunately, the war came to a quick end with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898.
Learn more about the history of Summerton in Clarendon County, S.C., its people, places, battles, and much more when you visit the Historic Summerton S.C. web site.